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Why are burrowing owls endangered

Why are burrowing owls endangered. Burrowing owl populations have been on the decline as a result of human encroachment. Burrowing owls are forced to abandon a large portion of their native habitat when grasslands are cleared to make room for crops, buildings, and roads. The number of people in previously sparsely populated areas has unexpectedly increased, placing owls at danger of being hit by cars because they are so close to regularly traveled roads and highways.

Why are burrowing owls endangered Pesticides

Because of the pesticides farmers employ to control pests, burrowing owls who share their habitat with farmers suffer as well. Grasshoppers are a pest that burrowing owls eat. The owls get poisoned if they eat too many grasshoppers that have been exposed to pesticides. Prairie dogs, ground squirrels, and badgers—which burrowing owls depend on to excavate the tunnels in which they construct their nests—are other pests. Due to their inability to dig their own tunnels, owls are also left without homes as these rodents are eliminated.

The Law of the Circle

Hawks, horned owls, and foxes are a few of the other natural predators that burrowing owls must avoid. Domestic animals can also be dangerous, especially to young owls and their eggs. Even though badgers occasionally help owls dig their burrows, they occasionally kill and eat them. This happens sometimes when the owls are mistaken for ground squirrels whose burrows they share.

Changing Climate

Burrowing owl populations are declining due to climate change as well. Burrows are flooded by heavy rainstorms in Canada, while fires are more likely to start in the west of the United States during droughts. In addition, due to higher temperatures, grassland habitats are drying out, making them inhospitable for birds like burrowing owls and other species that normally live there.

The Migratory Bird Treaty Act grants the burrowing owl federal protection in the United States, Canada, and Mexico.

The status of burrowing owls is Threatened in Mexico and Endangered in Canada. They are regarded as a Bird of Conservation Concern by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) on a national level, in three USFWS areas, and in nine Bird Conservation areas. Burrowing owls are classified as a species of concern in Arizona, California, Florida, Florida, Montana, Oklahoma, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming, and they are designated as endangered in Minnesota, threatened in Colorado, and endangered in Minnesota.


The Burrowing Owl has a height between 7 1/2 and 10 inches, a wingspan between 21 and 24 inches, and weighs between 4 1/2 and 9 ounces. Unlike most owls, this one has a longer wingspan and is a little bit heavier.


This owl can be found in arid, sparsely vegetated environments where ground squirrels and other fossorial mammals congregate, such as grasslands, deserts, farms, rangelands, golf courses, and empty lots in cities. It used to be widely dispersed in western North America, but in the past 30 years, populations have decreased all across their historical ranges. Additionally, Florida, Central America, and the majority of South America are home to the burrowing owl.

Why are burrowing owls endangered SUBSPECIES:

There are about 22 subspecies known, the majority of which are located in or close to the Andes and the Antilles. Only the Western burrowing owl (A. c. hypugaea) and the Florida burrowing owl (A. c. floridana) are found in North America.


Although they will also consume reptiles and amphibians, burrowing owls typically eat insects and small mammals. The burrowing owl hunts by swooping down from a perch or hovering, walking or dashing on the ground, and catching insects in the air.


Early in the spring, mating starts. In a burrow made by another animal, such as a ground squirrel, burrowing owls build their nest in open spaces. Owls can nest singly or in groups. The female lays 6–12 eggs, which take 28–30 days to hatch. In 6 weeks, the young owls fledge, but they continue to forage in the parental territory. At one year of age, burrowing owls may be sexually mature.


The main causes of habitat deterioration and destruction for burrowing owls are land development and ground squirrel/prairie dog management methods. Despite being protected, burrowing owls frequently lose their homes and their burrows during construction. The burrowing owl has an average lifespan of 6 to 8 years. Additionally, coyotes, birds of prey, and stray cats and dogs pose a threat to burrowing owls. Automobiles are now included in dangers as a result of a rise in urban and suburban sprawl.

Why are burrowing owls endangered DERIVATION OF NAME:

The scientific name is derived from the Latin term cunicularia, which means a miner or burrower, and the Greek word athene, which refers to the Greek goddess of wisdom whose favorite bird was an owl. Billy Owl, Ground Owl, Long-legged Owl, Prairie Owl, and Prairie Dog Owl are some additional common names for owls.

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